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 www.istratourism.com : Culture & History
 
Situated close to Western European civilization on the one hand, and on the edge of different cultural challenges on the other hand, Istria hass a notable history, listed on the crossroads of three great European cultures - Slavic, Germanic and Romanic.

Historical overview

 Thousand years of political special value, constant tension and division of this region between various countries and political influences of the dominant european nations had crucial influence on the specific life, promiscuity and cultural influences on the Istrian peninsula, which have since prehistoric times, keep the roads from the Mediterranean to Central Europe, or in area of Pannonia, and vice versa. 

Through the turbulent history will note the frequent shifts of various governments and administrations - from the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire through Franconia, Aquileian patriarchy, the Venetian Republic, Pazin Princedom. Illyrian provinces, Austria, Italy and Yugoslavia.
Historical events, on this turbulent part of Mediterranean, caused frequent migration and refugees, and also population changes, traditions and culture. There are traces left by many nations Liburnians, Histris (by which the peninsula was named), Greeks, Celts, Romans, the Ostrogoths, Bizantinci, Langobardi, Croats, Franks, Venetians, Austrians, Italians ...

Culture
During its entire history, Istria was a place of contact and penetration of many peoples and their cultures. Liburnians, Histris, Greeks, Celts, Romans, the Ostrogoths, Bizantinci, Langobardi, Croats, Franks, Venetians, Austrians, Italians, Slovenians are known for their presence, works that have leave a trace that current inhabitants of Istria are trying to conserve, enhance and modernize




Istra is rich in prehistoric sites (Sandalja, Romauldova caves ...), which testify about settling first inhabitants, Histrian ruins from the Bronze Age (Nesactium, ...); Monkodonja ancient Roman monuments (Coliseum, Triumphal Arch of the Sergi, Temple of Augustus, the remains of many Roman villas ...);
Complex Euphrasian basilica in Porec in the 6th century, included in UNESCO's list of protected cultural heritage; other valuable monumental heritage, such as medieval churches painted frescoes (St. Barnabas in Vižinada, SS. Foške the Batvači, SS. Lovrec the Martin, St.. Margaret next Vodnjan), especially famous jewel medieval wall painting Dance of the Dead in the church of Sv. Mary on Skrilinah next Berma, the largest Istrian Sv. Blaze in Vodnjan with a collection of religious art, which includes 730 works and objects from the period 5th to 19 century and preserved mummified bodies of several saints;

The remains of Glagolitic alphabet influence in medieval art and literature, medieval citadels and fortresses in Dvigrad, Svetvinčenat, Pazin, Pula, Momjan, Pietro pelos near Buzet, historical city in the Istrian town of the interior and the coast, many Austrian fortifications from the 19th century in the vicinity of Pula; Italian architecture between the two world wars with their mining village race - a new urban plan; recognizable traditional rural architecture with stone walls and kazun - a unique stone cottages field of circular shape, are only part of the rich cultural heritage and the outlines of the past remains dense as Terra Magica, as by many Istria is called...







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